Gender equality in Azerbaijan


Here are the results of analysis about attitudes toward gender issues in Azerbaijan.

The upper left graph about women and work is particularly
interesting. Women and men tend to agree on these items, except that men
are more likely to believe that university education is more important
for a boy than a girl and men think that men make better business
executives.

The upper right hand graphic looks at women and jobs and there was
more disagreement. Over half of Azerbaijani women believe that having a
job is the best way for a women to be independent, while only a third of
men do. As for the 29% of men that disagree that having a job is the
best way for a woman to be independent, it would be interesting to know
what they do believe is the best way for independence.

Only a quarter of Azerbaijan women think that it is problematic when a
woman earns more than her husband, but over a third of men believe
this.

And when jobs are scarce, over two-thirds of Azerbaijani men believe
men have more of a right to a job than women, while a little under half
of women feel this way.

The lower right corner graph looks at attitudes about gender roles.
For the most part Azerbaijani men and women were in agreement except
significantly more men think that men should have the final decision
making power in the home. Also, more men believe that gender equality
has been reached in Azerbaijan. Notably, nearly all Azerbaijanis think
that women should be responsible for diapering, bathing, and feeding
children.

Finally, in the lower left is skills that Azerbaijanis were taught as
children or teenagers. Nearly all Azerbaijani women were taught to
prepare food, clean the house and the bathroom, wash clothing, and care
for younger siblings.

There were very strong differences between men and women in nearly all activities except for caring for younger siblings.

Men were also more likely to be taught to grocery shop, drive, and fix home appliances.

Very few Azerbaijan women were taught to drive as teenagers.

Full version here.


Please help support our research project


I am incredibly lucky to have some amazing research collaborators and friends. For the project that I’m about to describe, I’m working with three women who rock my world. Two of them are also academic mommies of young kids (together we have 5 kids under age 6), two are non-native English speakers working in English at a near native proficiency – which is awesome, and all three are great and funny friends who work exceptionally hard and are passionate about creating positive change in the region. Two are also well known gender and digital activists in the region while the other two are American academics with over a decade of involvement in the region. We are all deeply concerned about inequalities in the region, especially for women.

We are all also interested in the role that technology can play in helping to better the region.

So, with that gushing out of the way, I want to share with you our (Sarah Kendzior, Jale Sultanli, and Arzu Geybullayeva) research proposal.

Last year in running the normal analyses on the Caucasus Barometer to see what percentage of the population has access to certain technologies, I noticed that ONCE AGAIN Azerbaijan lagged behind Armenia and Georgia. This seems strange because they’re, on the whole, wealthier – and wealth is the primary predictor for technology ownership.

What I soon realized is that one of the reasons that Azerbaijanis are less likely to own and use technologies is that there are huge gender discrepancies.

I was really saddened by this and after sharing my findings with these wonderful women, we began chatting through social media channels and privately (sometimes in person, sometimes digitally) about these issues. We were all worried about this problem and what it means for Azerbaijan today and in the future.

We talked about trying to pull together a research proposal but we were all quite busy. I’ve been starting a new academic position, Jale moved to an entirely new country while working on her PhD, Sarah has been transitioning out of academia, and Arzu, as usual, has her hands in many projects. Sarah and I are also working on a few other projects regarding Internet in Azerbaijan (as we have in the past), but none with a gender lens.

But then we saw that Freedom House was hosting a contest for projects related to Internet freedom with public voting. I immediately emailed my lovely friends and suggested that this could be the opportunity that we’ve been waiting for to explore the question of what is going on with women and the Internet in Azerbaijan.

So we worked on our proposal and now we need your help.

Our idea is to run a series of focus groups in Azerbaijan to talk to women (and men) about what’s going on with women and the Internet. We’ll also conduct some interviews. After our analysis we’re going to disseminate the findings in an advocacy campaign.

You can vote on our project once a day for this entire week. Here’s the voting site. Please share.

I feel very fortunate to have the opportunity to work on such an important project with such amazing collaborators. We greatly appreciate your support.

Here are some images I made to promote it.

kids

kids

kids